Screening and characterization of an Agrobacterium tumefaciens mutant strain producing high level of coenzyme Q10

Tae Su Kim, Ji Hyun Yoo, Sang Yong Kim, Cheol Ho Pan, Vipin C. Kalia, Yun Chan Kang, Jung Kul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A mutant of Agrobacterium tumefaciens (S02-13) producing high levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), was selected by high-throughput screening after repeated NTG mutagenesis. Mutant S02-13 was resistant to sodium azide and menadione and showed an eight-fold increase in CoQ10 production, as compared to that of the parent strain. The amount of CoQ10 produced by this mutant reached 350 mg l-1 in pH-stat fed-batch culture. Mutant S02-13 differed from wild-type in morphology, biochemical properties, and proteome profiles. Scanning electron microscopy results revealed a remarkable change in morphology: the wild-type strain had a rod shape, whereas the mutant S02-13 was coccoid. In contrast to wild-type, the mutant S02-13 strain showed a negative reaction to tryptophan deaminase and N2 reduction, and a positive reaction to nitrate production in API kit assays. The spots representing proteins that were increased in the proteome expression of the mutant S02-13 strain were identified as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), glucosaminitol dehydrogenase (GlcNOH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). In particular, the enzyme activities of GAPDH and GlcNOH increased eight-fold and three-fold, respectively, in the mutant, as compared to the wild-type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Efficiency & Resources Core Technology Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (201320200000420). This research was also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2013R1A1A2012159).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • 2-Dimensional electrophoresis
  • Coenzyme Q
  • Mutagenesis
  • Production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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