We studied the feasibility of an experiment searching for sub-millicharged particles (χs) using 30 GeV proton fixed-target collisions at J-PARC. The detector is composed of two layers of stacked scintillator bars and PMTs and is proposed to be installed 280 m from the target. The main background is a random coincidence between two layers due to dark counts in PMTs, which can be reduced to a negligible level using the timing of the proton beam. With NPOT = 1022 which corresponds to running the experiment for three years, the experiment provides sensitivity to χs with the charge down to 5 × 10−5 in mχ< 0.2 GeV/c2 and 8 × 10−4 in mχ< 1.6 GeV/c2. This is the regime largely uncovered by previous experiments. We also explored a few detector designs to achieve optimal sensitivity to χs. The photoelectron yield is the main driver, but the sensitivity does not have a strong dependence on detector configuration in the sub-millicharge regime.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).
- Dark matter
- Fixed target experiments
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics