DNA-based analyses of bacterial communities were performed to identify the bacteria co-occurring with cyanobacterial blooms in samples collected at a single site over 2 years. Microcystis aeruginosa was the most predominant species (81% in 2018, and 94% in 2019) within the phylum Cyanobacteria, and microcystins were detected during all cyanobacterial blooms. The stereo microscope and scanning electron microscope observations showed bacterial associations on and around the aggregated M. aeruginosa cells. Culture-independent analyses of filtered bacterial communities showed that the Flavobacterium species in phylum Bacteroidetes (19%) was dominant in the cyanobacterial phycosphere, followed by the Limnohabitans species in Betaproteobacteria (11%). Using principal component analysis, major bacterial genus, including Microcystis and Flavobacterium species, were clustered during cyanobacterial blooms in both years. To identify key bacterial species that develop long-term symbiosis with M. aeruginosa, another culture-independent analysis was performed after the environmental sample had been serially subcultured for 1 year. Interestingly, Brevundimonas (14%) was the most dominant species, followed by Porphyrobacter (7%) and Rhodobacter (3.5%) within the Alphaproteobacteria. Screening of 100 colonies from cyanobacterial bloom samples revealed that the majority of culturable bacteria belonged to Gammaproteobacteria (28%) and Betaproteobacteria (57%), including Pseudomonas, Curvibacter, and Paucibacter species. Several isolates of Brevundimonas, Curvibacter, and Pseudomonas species could promote the growth of axenic M. aeruginosa PCC7806. The sensitivity of M. aeruginosa PCC7806 cells to different environmental conditions was monitored in bacteria-free pristine freshwater, indicating that nitrogen addition promotes the growth of M. aeruginosa.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) , funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea [ NIBR202020201 ]. This work was also supported by a Korea University Grant [ K2006821 ].
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
- Bacterial community
- Culturable bacteria
- Terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism
- Water quality variation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis