Secondary Dean flow characteristics of inelastic Bird-Carreau fluids in curved microchannels

Kyu Yoon, Hyun Wook Jung, Myung Suk Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


To effectively control the mixing of target materials inside microfluidic devices, the Dean flow features of generalized-Newtonian Bird-Carreau (BC) fluids in curved rectangular channels are theoretically investigated, as a passive technique. Governing equations coupled with the Cauchy momentum equation and the BC model are solved using the finite volume scheme with a semi-implicit method for pressure-linked equations-revised (SIMPLER) algorithm. The effects of the rheological parameters of BC model, such as viscosity ratio, power-law index, and relaxation time constant, on the Dean flow are systematically examined in a wide range of Dean numbers (Dn), (very low to O(102)). The entire flow characteristics of BC fluids in curved microchannels with increasing Dn are quantified using flow skewness, DnRef/DnMES, and magnitude of vorticity, resulting in two main findings of a more outward-skewed streamwise velocity profile and a more enhanced secondary Dean vortex for non-Newtonian fluids in comparison to the Newtonian case at the same Dn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalKorea Australia Rheology Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Korean Society of Rheology and Springer.


  • Bird-Carreau model
  • curved microchannel
  • flow skewness
  • microfluidics
  • secondary Dean flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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