Seismic response characteristics of high-rise RC wall buildings having different irregularities in lower stories

Han Seon Lee, Dong Woo Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Three 1:12 scale 17-story RC wall building models having different types of irregularity at the bottom two stories were subjected to the same series of simulated earthquake excitations to observe their seismic response characteristics. The first model has a symmetrical moment-resisting frame (Model 1), the second has an infilled shear wall in the central frame (Model 2), and the third has an infilled shear wall in only one of the exterior frames (Model 3) at the bottom two stories. Based on the test results, which are analyzed and compared, the following conclusions are drawn. The estimated fundamental periods for other structures than moment frames and bearing wall structures in UBC 97 and AIK 2000 appear to be reasonable. The total amounts of energy absorption by damage are similar regardless of the existence and location of the infilled shear wall. The largest energy absorption is due to overturning, followed by that due to shear deformation. The rigid upper system renders rocking behavior in the lower frame, and thereby, the self weight contributes up to about 23% of the resistance against the total overturning moment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3149-3167
Number of pages19
JournalEngineering Structures
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The experimental part of the research was supported by the Ministry of Construction and Transportation, the Republic of Korea, Korea National Housing Corp., and several private companies including Ssangyong Engineering & Construction Co. Ltd., Kolon Engineering & Construction Co. Ltd., and Hyungsang Structural Engineering Co. Ltd. The interpretation part of the research was conducted during the sabbatical leave of the first author granted by Korea University, and also through the six-month program of scholar exchange co-granted by Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) in 2002.


  • Buildings
  • Concrete
  • Irregularity
  • Overturning moment
  • Shaking table tests
  • Torsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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