Selective and sensitive detection of trimethylamine using ZnO-In 2O3 composite nanofibers

Chul Soon Lee, Il Doo Kim, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


Three different compositions of ZnO-In2O3 composite nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning, and their gas sensing characteristics were compared to those of pure ZnO and In2O 3 nanofibers. All ZnO-In2O3 composite nanofibers showed high response to trimethylamine (TMA), relatively low cross-response to C2H5OH, and negligible cross-responses to CO and H2; pure ZnO or In2O3 nanofibers did not show selective detection of TMA. The maximum responses to 5 ppm TMA of the ZnO-In2O3 composite nanofibers with the compositions of [Zn]:[In] = 67:33, 50:50, and 33:67 by at% were 133.9 at 300 °C, 82.9 at 350 °C, and 119.4 at 375 °C, respectively. Considering all the sensing characteristics such as gas response, selectivity, and sensing/recovering kinetics together, the operation of the ZnO-In2O3 nanofiber sensor with the composition of [Zn]:[In] = 33:67 by at% at 375 °C was determined to be in optimal condition to detect TMA. The significant enhancement of gas response and selectivity by the formation of composite nanofibers is discussed in relation to the variation of particle size, the formation of hetero-interfaces between ZnO and In2O3, and the combination of two sensing materials with different catalytic properties, gas adsorption behaviors, and acid-base properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-470
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. R0A-2008-000-20032-0).

Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Electrospinning
  • Gas sensors
  • Nanocomposite
  • Selectivity
  • ZnO-InO nanofibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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