Volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), such as H2S and methyl mercaptan (MM), are malodorous and harmful gases. H2S and MM share analogical origins. However, they should be discriminated because of their different odor thresholds and health impacts. Herein, a nanopattern chemiresistor composed of aligned CuO-loaded CuFe2O4 nanofibers was prepared via direct-write near-field electrospinning. The CuO/CuFe2O4 sensor with the atomic ratio of [Cu]:[Fe] = 3:4 exhibited extremely high responses to ppm-level H2S and MM compared with other nanopattern sensors with different compositions ([Cu]/[Fe] = 2:4, 4:4, and 0:1). This can be attributed to the gas-accessible morphology of the nanopattern sensor, the formation of a nanoscale p(CuO)-n(CuFe2O4) junction, and the intimate reaction between the discretely loaded CuO nanoparticles and the VSCs. Furthermore, the CuO/CuFe2O4 sensor exhibited high selectivities to H2S and MM at 200 ℃ and 400 ℃, respectively. The selective dual detection of H2S and MM using a single CuO/CuFe2O4 sensor via the simple modulation of the sensing temperature opens a new route for indoor air quality monitoring, ventilation control, halitosis diagnosis, and wine quality monitoring.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by SAMSUNG Research , Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Republic of Korea and National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government , Republic of Korea (No. 2021M3H4A3A02086430 ).
This study was supported by SAMSUNG Research, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Republic of Korea and National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government, Republic of Korea (No. 2021M3H4A3A02086430).
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
- Dual-mode gas sensor
- Malodor gas sensor
- Near-field electrospinning
- Oxide nanopattern
- Volatile sulfur compound sensor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry