Selective surface oxidation of 590 MPa TRIP steel and its effect on hot-dip galvanizability

Seong Hwan Kim, Jun Mo Im, Joo Youl Huh, Suk Kyu Lee, Rho Bum Park, Jong Sang Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In order to gain better understanding of the selective surface oxidation and its influence on the galvanizability of a transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steel containing 1.5 wt.% Si and 1.6 wt.% Mn, a model experiment has been carried out by depositing Si and Mn (each with a nominal thickness of 10 nm) in either monolayers or bilayers on a low-alloy interstitial-free (IF) steel sheet. After intercritical annealing at 800 °C in a N2 ambient with a dew point of-40°C, the surface scale formed on 590 MPa TRIP steel exhibited a microstructure similar to that of the scale formed on the Mn/Si bilayer-coated IF steel, consisting of Mn2SiO 4 particles embedded in an amorphous SiO2 film. The present study results indicated that, during the intercritical annealing process of 590 MPa TRIP steel, surface segregation of Si occurs first to form an amorphous SiO2film, which in turn accelerates the out-diffusion of Mn to form more stable Mn-Si oxide particles on the steel surface. During hot-dip galvanizing, particulate Fe3O4, MnO, and Si-Mn oxides were reduced more readily by Al in a Zn bath than the amorphous SiO2 film. Therefore, in order to improve the galvanizability of 590 TRIP steel, it is most desirable to minimize the surface segregation of Si during the intercritical annealing process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-290
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr


  • Annealing
  • Hot-dip galvanizing
  • Metals
  • Oxidation
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Trip steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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