Sensing and memorising liquids with polarity-interactive ferroelectric sound

Jong Sung Kim, Eui Hyuk Kim, Chanho Park, Gwangmook Kim, Beomjin Jeong, Kang Lib Kim, Seung Won Lee, Ihn Hwang, Hyowon Han, Seokyeong Lee, Wooyoung Shim, June Huh, Cheolmin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The direct sensing and storing of the information of liquids with different polarities are of significant interest, in particular, through means related to human senses for emerging biomedical applications. Here, we present an interactive platform capable of sensing and storing the information of liquids. Our platform utilises sound arising from liquid-interactive ferroelectric actuation, which is dependent upon the polarity of the liquid. Liquid-interactive sound is developed when a liquid is placed on a ferroelectric polymer layer across two in-plane electrodes under an alternating current field. As the sound is correlated with non-volatile remnant polarisation of the ferroelectric layer, the information is stored and retrieved after the liquid is removed, resulting in a sensing memory of the liquid. Our pad-type allows for identifying the position of a liquid. Flexible tube-type devices offer a route for in situ analysis of flowing liquids including a human serum liquid in terms of sound.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3575
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2018M3D1A1058536). This study was also supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MEST) (No. 2016M3A7B4910530 and 2017R1A2A1A05001160).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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