Separation of laterally overgrown GaN template by using selective electrochemical etching

Dae Woo Jeon, Han Su Cho, Jae Woo Park, Lee Woon Jang, Myoung Kim, Ju Won Jeon, Jin Woo Ju, Jong Hyeob Baek, In Hwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Selective lateral electrochemical etching was employed for detaching a GaN layer with lowered dislocation density produced by maskless epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) process. The dislocation density in the ELO regions was more than an order of magnitude lower than in the reference regions. The separation of the ELO GaN template from sapphire substrate was achieved by selective lateral electrochemical etching in an oxalic acid. It was shown that such etching occurred preferentially along the GaN template/ELO interface by first creating small pores at the interface and then enlarging them. The etching rates as high as 150 μm/min could be achieved, resulting in complete detachment of the entire ELO GaN film. The detached GaN films were transferred to glass substrates and bonded with conducting epoxy. Photoluminescence measurements showed a high luminescence efficiency and decreased strain in the detached ELO GaN template.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 25
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD) (KRF-2007-521-D00296) and the IT R&D program of MKE/KEIT [10040379, Development of 5W Full Color (R, G, B) Laser Diode & Module for Convergence Appliances].


  • Lift-off GaN
  • Maskless ELO
  • Selective electrochemical etching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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