The performance of the sequencing anoxic/anaerobic membrane bioreactor process (SAM) was investigated in a pilot-scale experiment. The constant flux was maintained and the variation of the transmembrane pressure was monitored to evaluate the membrane fouling. The municipal wastewater was continuously fed into the SAAR with a flow rate of 72 m3/d and 50 m3/d for 45 days and 65 days, respectively. The membrane flux was maintained at 15.4 L/m2/h to treat the influent of 72 m3/d and 12 L/m2/h for 56 m3/d. The anoxic condition for denitrification was provided for 3 h during a cycle of 4 h with the internal recycle. The anaerobic condition for phosphorus release was maintained for 1 h during the cycle of 4 h without internal recycling. This operation mode would result in more efficient use of the organic substrate in the influent for the nitrogen removal. The results show that the flux of less than 12 L/m2/h is desirable to prevent serious membrane fouling compared to 15.4 L/m2/h. Decreasing the flux by 22% retarded the membrane fouling and prolonged the operation time by 31%. In the short hydraulic retention time (HRT) and high flux condition, the nutrient removal efficiency increased compared to the long HRT and low flux condition. Increasing HRT by 30% resulted in a decrease of nutrient removal efficiency by 10%. However, the short HRT and high flux condition resulted in the acceleration of membrane fouling. One feasible solution to this problem is to add more modules of membranes to meet the high HRT condition without increasing membrane flux.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Green Korea 21 project founded by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Korea. The authors also would like to thank the Gwang Ju Local Corporation for providing the pilot plant site and helpful assistance during the experiment.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Membrane bioreactor
- Nutrient removal
- Sequencing anoxic/anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SAM)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Water Science and Technology
- Mechanical Engineering