SER computation in M-QAM systems with phase noise

Mohammad Lari, Abbas Mohammadi, Abdolali Abdipour, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents an exact closed-form expression for the symbol error rate of the square and rectangular quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) constellations, under the assumption that the transmitted and/or received signals are corrupted by the phase noise fluctuation. Phase noise is one of the most important radio frequency (RF) imperfections which usually comes from the local oscillator (LO) at the transmitter and/or receiver. In this paper, the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is assumed. Although AWGN is a simple channel, but our exact analysis of the symbol error rate in this paper can be led to the precise study of the real communication systems in the fading channel. Hence, an exact closed-form solution for the symbol error rate is derived here as a finite summation of the two-dimensional Q-function and verified by the simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1587
Number of pages13
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments We acknowledge the support of the Research Institute for Information and Communication Technology, Tehran, Iran, under Contract No. T/18128/500 for its role in the development of this research.

Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Phase noise
  • Quadrature amplitude modulation
  • RF imperfections
  • Symbol error rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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