Three new guaianolide lactones (1-3) and four new 9-oxonerolidol glucosides (5-8) together with 20 known compounds were isolated from the MeOH extract of the flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum. Their structures were elucidated based on the interpretation of NMR, HRESIMS, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data along with acid hydrolysis. Of the isolates, sesquiterpenoids 1-4 and 15 and flavones 17 and 18 exhibited inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells with IC50 values in the range 0.2-27.0 μM.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MIST) (No. 2020R1A2C1008406) and by the Korea Basic Science Institute under the R&D program (Project No. C140440) supervised by the Ministry of Science and ICT.
© 2021 American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Organic Chemistry