Sexual harassment and its relationship with depressive symptoms: A nationwide study of Korean EMS providers

Junghun Yoo, Ji Hwan Kim, Jaehong Yoon, Seung Sup Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Emergency medical service (EMS) providers may face sexual harassment (SH) from citizens. No studies have assessed SH prevalence and its association with depressive symptoms among EMS providers in South Korea. Methods: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1346 EMS providers in South Korea. SH experience was assessed by asking, “During the past 12 months, have you ever experienced sexual harassment on duty by civil citizens?” Depressive symptoms during the preceding week were assessed using the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Modified Poisson regression was applied to examine association between SH and depressive symptoms. Results: Among EMS providers, 28.1% of females and 5.6% of males reported sexual harassment. In the gender-stratified analysis, EMS providers those who experienced SH were more likely to have depressive symptoms among females (PR: 2.97, 95% CI: 1.99, 4.44) and males (PR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.41, 2.86). Conclusions: Female EMS providers were about five times more likely to experience SH than males.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan


  • EMS providers
  • South Korea
  • depressive symptoms
  • gender stratification
  • sexual harassment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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