Simulation and Ship Detection Using Surface Radial Current Observing Compact HF Radar

Sangwook Park, Chul Jin Cho, Bonhwa Ku, Sangho Lee, Hanseok Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes an effective method of improving ship detection performance of a compact high-frequency (HF) radar system which has been primarily optimized for observing surface radial current velocities and bearings. Previously developed ship detection systems have been vulnerable to error sources such as environmental noise and clutter when they are applied in a compact HF radar optimized for observing surface current. In particular, the influences of error are reduced by applying a principle component analysis of the generated range-Doppler maps. A compact radar signal model is first developed by the data acquired from an operating compact HF radar site. The proposed method is then validated by comparing it to the conventional ship detection method in terms of detection and false alarm rates. The experimental results confirm that the proposed method shows superior performance in both simulated and practical environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7587385
Pages (from-to)544-555
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul


  • Compact HF radar
  • component analysis
  • ship detection
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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