Simulation of angular resolution of a new electromagnetic sampling calorimeter

Junlee Kim, Eun Joo Kim, Young Jun Kim, Jung Keun Ahn, Gei Youb Lim

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We report on the simulation results for the angular resolution of an electromagnetic (EM) sampling calorimeter with photons in the range of 100 MeV to 2 GeV. The simulation model of the EM calorimeter consists of alternating layers of a 1-mm-thick lead plate and a 5-mm-thick plastic scintillator plate. The scintillator plates are alternately segmented into horizontal and vertical strips. In this study, we obtain energy deposits in individual strips using Geant4 simulations and reconstruct the incident photon angles using the XGBoost with gradient-boosted decision trees. The performance of the angle reconstruction depends on the detector configuration and the accuracy of machine learning. The angular resolution is well described by the expression 0.24°⊕1.25°/Eγ, where Eγ is the incident photon energy in GeV, for 32 layers of 15 mm width strips. This energy dependence is consistent for different incident angles in the range of 10° to 40°.

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Electromagnetic calorimeter
  • Geant4
  • XGBoost

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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