Simulation of high velocity concrete fragmentation using SPH/MLSPH

T. Rabczuk, J. Eibl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Citations (Scopus)


The simulation of concrete fragmentation under explosive loading by a meshfree Lagrangian method, the smooth particle hydrodynamics method (SPH) is described. Two improvements regarding the completeness of the SPH-method are examined, first a normalization developed by Johnson and Beissel (NSPH) and second a moving least square (MLS) approach as modified by Scheffer (MLSPH). The SPH-Code is implemented in FORTRAN 90 and parallelized with MPI. A macroscopic constitutive law with isotropic damage for fracture and fragmentation for concrete is implemented in the SPH-Code. It is shown that the SPH-method is able to simulate the fracture and fragmentation of concrete slabs under contact detonation. The numerical results from the different SPH-methods are compared with the data from tests. The good agreement between calculation and experiment suggests that the SPH-program can predict the correct maximum pressure as well as the damage of the concrete slabs. Finally the fragment distributions of the tests and the numerical calculations are compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1421-1444
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Mar 14


  • Concrete
  • Fragmentation
  • Meshfree methods
  • SPH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • General Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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