Clase social y salud en América Latina

Translated title of the contribution: Social class and health in Latin America

Carles Muntaner, Katia B. Rocha, Carme Borrell, Clelia Vallebuona, Ciro Ibáñez, Joan Benach, Orielle Sollar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews the principal concepts of social class, occupation, and social stratification, and their contribution to the analysis of the social determinants of health (SDH), and reviews empirical studies conducted in Latin America that use employment relations as an SDH. The review focuses on studies of the relationship between health and social class based on neo-Weberian or neo-Marxist perspectives. A search of the BIREME Virtual Health Library and the SciELO database found 28 articles meeting these characteristics. This relative dearth contrasts with the profusion of papers that use these approaches written in Europe and in the United States, with a long tradition in the analysis of SDH. In this regard, the political and programmatic implications of research on social class and employment relations are different from and complementary to studies of health gradients associated with income and education. Globalization of employment relations requires the development of new concepts to explain and measure the mechanisms of action of the SDH going beyond what is strictly labor related; in particular, the importance in the current Latin American reality of the impact of informal work on health.

Translated title of the contributionSocial class and health in Latin America
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)166-175
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb


  • Latin America
  • Social class
  • Socioeconomic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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