Solution-processed fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical zinc oxide nanostructures via nanotransfer printing and hydrothermal growth

Sung Hoon Hong, Mi Hyun Kim, Hye Won Yun, Taejong Paik, Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In this report, we present a solution-based process to fabricate hierarchical ZnO nanostructures by a sequential nanoimprint process and hydrothermal reaction. Micro- or mesoscale ZnO patterns are first fabricated by solution-processed nanotransfer printing using colloidal ZnO nanoparticles. Nano-scale ZnO nanorods are then hydrothermally grown on the surface of microstructures to fabricate the hierarchical architectures. The ZnO-based hierarchical structures exhibited superior superhydrophobic properties with very small sliding angle (contact angle > 150°, sliding angle < 4°). A solution-based process using mild chemical reagents enables ZnO hierarchical structure to be fabricated on various types of substrates, including Si, glass, flexible polymer substrates, metal foils, curved surfaces, and even on the surface of LED devices, without significant damage to the substrate. This ability indicates that this fabrication method of superhydrophobic hierarchical surfaces can be potentially utilized to fabricate self-cleaning surfaces for many industrial applications, such as solar cell panels, building materials, and electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Pioneer Research Center Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning ( NRF-2013M3C1A3063046 ). This research was supported by Chung-Ang University Research Grants in 2015.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Hierarchical nanostructures
  • Hydrothermal growth
  • Nanoimprinting
  • Soft lithography
  • Superhydrophobicity
  • ZnO nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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