Stable surface oxygen on nanostructured silver for efficient CO2 electroreduction

Michael Shincheon Jee, Haeri Kim, Hyo Sang Jeon, Byoung Koun Min, Yun Jeong Hwang, Michael Shincheon Jee, Jinhan Cho, Keun Hwa Chae, Byoung Koun Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated properties involved in the enhancement in electrocatalytic carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction to carbon monoxide (CO) in electrochemically treated Ag surfaces with surface sensitive analysis methods such as Auger spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM) coupled with Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) techniques, and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. The absence of Ag M4,5VV Auger signals for the electrochemically treated Ag indicate the presence of localized surface oxygen (O) which survives on the best performing Ag electrocatalysts even in the reductive environment of the CO2 reduction reaction. Higher work functions were located at the nanostructure boundaries observed by KPFM/AFM implying the higher surface O concentrations in these regions. Furthermore, NEXAFS measured the selective prominence of π* states over σ* in the active Ag surfaces which suggests stronger interaction with intermediates of CO2 reduction while minimizing the –OH interaction contributing to increase CO2 reduction activity and selectivity. These results provide direction in engineering surfaces for efficient electrochemical CO2 conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalCatalysis Today
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Institutional Program (2E26560) and the KIST Young Fellow Program (2V04920), and it was partly supported by the University-Institute Cooperation Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean Government(MSIP).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Auger spectroscopy
  • CO electroreduction
  • KPFM
  • Silver
  • Surface oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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