Stick numbers of Montesinos knots

Hwa Jeong Lee, Sungjong No, Seungsang Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Negami found an upper bound on the stick number s(K) of a nontrivial knot K in terms of the minimal crossing number c(K): s(K) ≤ 2c(K). Huh and Oh found an improved upper bound: s(K) ≤ 3 2(c(K) + 1). Huh, No and Oh proved that s(K) ≤ c(K) + 2 for a 2-bridge knot or link K with at least six crossings. As a sequel to this study, we present an upper bound on the stick number of Montesinos knots and links. Let K be a knot or link which admits a reduced Montesinos diagram with c(K) crossings. If each rational tangle in the diagram has five or more index of the related Conway notation, then s(K) ≤ c(K) + 3. Furthermore, if K is alternating, then we can additionally reduce the upper bound by 2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2150013
JournalJournal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar


  • Knot
  • Montesinos knot
  • rational tangle
  • stick number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory


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