Stream discharge prediction via a grid based soil water routing with paddy fields

Seong J. Kim, Hyo S. Chae, Chul S. Yoo, Sa C. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A grid based daily hydrologic model for a watershed with paddy fields was developed to predict the stream discharge. ASCII formatted elevation, soil, and land use data supported by the GRASS Geographic Information System are used to generate distributed results such as surface runoff and subsurface flow, soil water content, and evapotranspiration. The model uses a single flow path algorithm and simulates a water balance at each grid element. A linear reservoir assumption was used to predict subsurface runoff components. The model was applied to a 75.6 km2 watershed located in the middle of South Korea, and observed stream flow hydrographs from 1995 and 1996 were compared to model predictions. The stream flow predictions of 1995 and 1996 generally agreed with the observed flow, resulting in a Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency R2 of 0.60 and 0.62, respectively. The hydraulic conductivity for percolating water through the saturated layer affected baseflow generation. The levee height of the paddy influenced the time and magnitude of the surface runoff, depending on irrigation management. The model will be used for making low flow management decisions by evaluating the role of each land use to stream flow, especially in case of paddy decrease by gradual urbanization of a watershed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1155
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Water Resources Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct


  • Daily hydrologic model
  • Distributed approach
  • Geographic information systems
  • Linear reservoir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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