Structural and electrochemical characteristics of morphology-controlled Li[Ni0.5Mn1.5]O4 cathodes

Soon Kie Hong, Sun Il Mho, In Hyeong Yeo, Yongku Kang, Dong Wan Kim

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Two types of structure- and morphology-controlled spinel Li[Ni0.5Mn1.5]O4 (LNMO) are prepared and systematically investigated as 5 V, high-rate, and long-life cathode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries. The octahedral LNMO particles (1 μm or 1-5 μm mixed sizes) are prepared through a heat-treatment at 850°C after a hydrothermal reaction, and their performance is compared with that of one-dimensional LNMO nanorods (100-200 nm and 1-3 μm in diameter and length, respectively), which are synthesized via a two-step method consisting of a hydrothermal reaction followed by solid-state Li and Ni implantation. They show high single crystallinities with an ordered (P4332) and disordered (Fd-3 m) phase for the nanorods and octahedral particles, respectively. Rietveld refinement of X-ray and neutron diffraction, FT-IR, SEM, and TEM are employed to study their phases and microstructures. Galvanostatic studies reveal that overall battery performances of the octahedral LNMO particles are superior to those of the LNMO nanorods. In particular, the disordered octahedral LNMO particles that are composed of mixed particle sizes ranging from of 1 to 5 μm show not only the best rate capability and specific discharge capacity but also an excellent cycle stability with a capacity retention of 89% (corresponding to specific discharge capacity of 105 mA h g-1) at a 10 C cycling rate, even after 1000 cycles. This remarkable performance is attributed to the structural stability, while the highest electrode tap density (1.59 g cm-3) in combination with efficient packing resulted in the coexistence of various particle sizes that can provide a shortened pathway for lithium ions between particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was performed as a cooperation project supported by the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology. This work was also supported by the National research Foundation of Korea ( 2009-0094046 ) and by Korea Small and Medium Business Administration ( S2230272 ).


  • Li-ion battery
  • cathode
  • high-rate capability
  • spinel Li[NiMn]O
  • tap density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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