Structural and magnetic properties of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by a thermal decomposition method

Jin Ah Hwang, Moonhee Choi, Hyo Soon Shin, Byeong Kwon Ju, Myoung Pyo Chun

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 (x = 0.5, 0.6, 0.7) nanoparticles were synthesized by a thermal decomposition method. The synthesized particles were identified as pure spinel ferrite structures by X-ray diffraction analysis, and they were calculated to be 46-51 nm in diameter by the Scherrer equation, depending on the composition. In the FE-SEM image, the ferrite nanoparticles have spherical shapes with slight agglomeration, and the particle size is about 50 nm, which was consistent with the value obtained by the Scherrer equation. The lattice parameter of the ferrite nanoparticles monotonically increased from 8.34 to 8.358 Å as the Zn concentration increased from 0.5 to 0.7. Initially, the saturation magnetization value slowly decreases from 81.44 to 83.97 emu/g, then quickly decreases to 71.84 emu/g as the zinc content increases from x = 0.5, through 0.6, to 0.7. Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 toroidal samples were prepared by sintering ferrite nanoparticles at 1250 °C and exhibited faceted grain morphologies in the FE-SEM images with their grain sizes being around 5 μm regardless of the Zinc content. The real magnetic permeability (μ') of the toroidal samples measured at 5 MHz was monotonically increased from 106, through 150, to 217 with increasing the Zinc content from x = 0.5, through 0.6, to 0.7. The cutoff frequency of the ferrite toroidal samples was estimated to be about 20 MHz from the broad maximum point in the plot of imaginary magnetic permeability (μ'') vs. frequencies, which seemed to be associated with domain wall resonance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6279
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept


  • Nanoparticles
  • NiZn ferrite
  • Spinel ferrite
  • Superparamagnetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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