Rhombohedral 0.69Pb(Zr0.47Ti0.53)-0.31Pb(Zn0.6Ni0.4)NbO3 (PZT-PZNN) ceramics were textured using 10.0 vol. % BaTiO3 (BT) platelets along the <001> direction at 950°C with a high Lotgering factor of 95.3%. BT platelets did not react with the PZT-PZNN ceramics, and the textured PZT-PZNN ceramic had a tetragonal structure. The PZT-PZNN ceramics exhibited a strain of 0.174% with a piezoelectric strain constant (d*33) of 580 pC/N at 3.0 kV/mm. The textured PZT-PZNN ceramic showed an increased strain of 0.276% and d*33 of 920 pC/N at 3.0 kV/mm, which can be explained by the domain rotation. However, the d33 values of the textured specimens are smaller than those of the untextured specimens because of the small remanent polarization and relative dielectric constant of BT platelets. The textured PZT-PZNN ceramic synthesized in this work can be used for piezoelectric multilayer actuators because of its large strain and low sintering temperature.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy(MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea(No. 20152020104960). Moreover, the authors also thank the KU-KIST graduate school program of Korea University.
© 2017 The American Ceramic Society
- piezoelectric materials/properties
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry