Mn K-edge EXAFS spectroscopy of solid-solution samples encompassing the complete MnCO3-CaCO3 series shows that first-shell Mn-O distances deviate little from the 2.19-Å distance observed in pure MnCO3. Very slight lengthening is observed only in the limiting case of dilute Mn(II) calcite solid solutions, where the Mn-O distance is 2.21 Å. The observed nearly complete structural relaxation and the composition independence of the Mn-O distance are consistent with the Pauling model behavior of solid solutions, and agree with previous studies showing a high degree of relaxation around hetero-sized substituents in the calcite structure. Strain occurs through bond bending, which is facilitated by the exclusively corner-sharing topology of calcite. Observed distances from Mn to more distant neighbors show significant variation across the solid-solution series that resembles Vegard's law-type behavior but reflects averaging. The high degree of relaxation suggests modest enthalpies of mixing in the solution, consistent with calorimetric studies.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Physics and Chemistry of Minerals|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Oct|
- Solid solutions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Geochemistry and Petrology