Study on Estimation Method for Maximum Temperature of Multi-layered Micro-probe by Joule-Heating

Hyun Woo Jung, Yun Jae Kim, Jun Hyub Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, a method which would improve reliability of coated vertical type micro-probe under Joule heating is described. The method is to decouple the mechanical and electrical characteristics of a probe. That is, the method is to coat a metal with good electrical characteristics on a core metal with a good mechanical characteristics by electroplating. For various configurations of cross-sectional area of probe, FE analysis are performed, and a fabricated vertical micro-probe is tested to improve the accuracy of FE analysis. By increasing the coating thickness of a metal (gold, Au) with good electrical characteristics by electroplating while keeping a total cross-sectional area of a probe constant, the maximum temperature of probe continues to decrease as the cross-sectional area of core metal (nickel, Ni) with the good mechanical characteristics is reduced. A simple formula to predict the maximum temperature of probe depending on the coating thickness based on the results of FE analysis is proposed. The formula describe that the maximum temperature of the probe by Joule heating is a function of the ratio of the conductivity of the coating metal to the core metal and the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the coating metal to the total cross-sectional area of the probe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1955-1964
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Kyungsung University Research Grants in 2018

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Korean Society for Precision Engineering.


  • Current carrying capacity
  • Joule heating
  • Multi-layered micro-structure
  • Reliability
  • Vertical micro-probe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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