Sum-rate maximization methods for wirelessly powered communication networks in interference channels

Hanjin Kim, Hoon Lee, Lingjie Duan, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study a wireless powered communication network (WPCN) in a general N-user interference channel (IFC), where a hybrid access-point (H-AP) in each cell supports its corresponding user. In this multi-cell environment, the H-AP first sends the energy signal to charge users in the downlink (DL) phase, while in the subsequent uplink (UL) phase, each user transmits its information signal to the corresponding H-AP utilizing the previously harvested energy. For the WPCN in this IFC scenario, cross-link interference occurs due to asynchronous time allocation of the DL and the UL among N cells which significantly affects the overall performance. To handle the interference issue efficiently, we jointly optimize the DL and UL time allocation of each cell as well as the transmit power allocation at the H-APs and the users so that the weighted sum-rate of UL information transmission is maximized. To tackle non-convexity of the weighted sum-rate maximization problem, we propose an iterative algorithm where the time allocation and the transmit power are updated based on the weighted minimum mean square error criteria and the gradient projection method, respectively. Furthermore, we consider two simple protocols where the DL time allocation of each cell is synchronized and present resource allocation method, respectively. In simulation results, we verify that the proposed algorithm for the asynchronous protocol outperforms conventional schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8424567
Pages (from-to)6464-6474
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received September 12, 2017; revised January 20, 2018, May 14, 2018, and July 6, 2018; accepted July 7, 2018. Date of publication August 2, 2018; date of current version October 9, 2018. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation through the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP), Korean Government, under Grant 2017R1A2B3012316. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was X. Zhou. This paper was presented at the IEEE International Conference on Communication, Paris, France, May 2017 [1]. (Corresponding author: Inkyu Lee.) H. Kim and I. Lee are with the School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, South Korea (e-mail:;

Publisher Copyright:
© 2002-2012 IEEE.


  • Wireless powered communication networks
  • interference channels
  • sum-rate maximization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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