Supersonic cold spraying of titania nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide for lithium ion battery anodes

Edmund Samuel, Jong Gun Lee, Bhavana Joshi, Tae Gun Kim, Min woo Kim, Il Won Seong, Woo Young Yoon, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Titania (TiO2) nanoparticles were uniformly distributed on and are well attached to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) by supersonic cold spraying. The process facilitated rapid production of lithium ion battery (LIB) anodes. Integration of TiO2 with rGO not only enhanced the conductivity of the anode, but also prevented agglomeration of the titania nanoparticles, which facilitated uniform distribution of the nanoparticles and thus consistently reduced the electron diffusion length. Integration of rGO with TiO2 widened the characteristic voltage range of the resulting rGO-TiO2 composite (0.01–3 V) relative to that of pure TiO2, which enhanced the capacity during the lithiation process. Therefore, the LIB cell exhibited superior performance with long cycle durations even under high current rate. The optimal weight ratio of rGO to TiO2 was found to be 1:1, which produced a retention capacity of 203 mA h g−1 at N = 300 cycle under a current rate of 1 C = 336 mA g−1. Rapid production of rGO/TiO2 nanocomposites via supersonic cold spraying may facilitate commercialization of high-quality LIB cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2016M1A2A2936760) and NRF-2017R1A2B4005639. This work was supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program (10045221) funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE, Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017


  • Anode
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supersonic spray coating
  • Titania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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