Support-free assembled molecular layer by layer - HPAN forward osmosis membranes

Soon Bum Kwon, Seongpil Jeong, Seungkwan Hong, Seockheon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The internal concentration polymerization (ICP) phenomenon may hinder the flux of forward osmosis (FO) membranes. The mitigation of ICP can be achieved by employing a porous support layer structure. Nevertheless, conventional interfacial polymerization (IP) methods encounter challenges in establishing a dense selective layer upon a highly porous support layer. In this study, the support-free assembled molecular layer-by-layer (SF-mLbL) was suggested to manufacture the thin-film composite (TFC) membrane by combining the separately fabricated polyamide (PA) selective layer with a tunable thickness and the highly porous support layer. The SF-mLbL (8 wt%) membrane had a higher water flux and selectivity (43.52 ± 0.89 LMH/0.15 ± 0.01 g L−1) than those (10.34 ± 0.48 LMH/0.75 ± 0.02 g L−1 and 7.41 ± 0.18 LMH/0.81 ± 0.01 g L−1) of IP-PA and commercial cellulose triacetate membranes as 0.5 M NaCl draw solution in FO mode. Consequently, the SF-mLbL membranes exhibited significant improvement in the FO process with well-balanced permselectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117067
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Combining layers
  • Forward osmosis
  • Layer-by-layer
  • Membrane fabrication
  • Molecular layer-by-layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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