The switching characteristics and performance of oxide-based memristors are predominately determined by oxygen-or oxygen-vacancy-mediated redox reactions and the consequent formation of conducting filaments (CFs). Devices using oxide thin films as the switching layer usually require an electroforming process for subsequent switching operations, which induces large device-To-device variations. In addition, the hard-To-control redox reaction during repeated switching causes random fluctuations or degradation of each resistance state, hindering reliable switching operations. In this study, an HfO2nanorod (NR)-based memristor is proposed for simultaneously achieving highly uniform, electroforming-free, fast, and reliable analogue switching properties. The well-controlled redox reaction due to the easy gas exchange with the environment at the surface of the NRs enhances the generation of oxygen or oxygen vacancies during the switching operation, resulting in electroforming-free and reliable switching behavior. In addition, the one-dimensional surface growth of CFs facilitates highly linear conductance modulation with smaller conductance changes compared with the two-dimensional volume growth in thin-film-based memristors, resulting in a high accuracy of >92% in the Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology pattern-recognition test and desirable spike-Timing-dependent plasticity.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct 5|
- Conductance modulation
- Neuromorphic computing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)