Sustainable energy harvesting from post-combustion CO2 capture using amine-functionalized solvents

Seonggon Kim, Yunmo Ko, Geun Jeong Lee, Jae Won Lee, Ronghuan Xu, Hyungseop Ahn, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy consumption during the post-combustion CO2 capture process is significant, which decreases energy efficiency of industrial power plant. Many studies have been conducted to increase the CO2 capture capacity and reduce thermal energy duty by utilizing a new material instead of the amine-based CO2 absorbent or by optimizing the system. However, vast energy is still consumed in the regeneration process. Herein, sustainable thermal energy harvesting system from post-combustion CO2 capture (15 vol% CO2 and 85% N2 at 20 °C and 1 bar) has been proposed. The functionalized solvent, composed of tetraethylenepentamine-impregnated mesoporous silica (TEPA/SBA-15) and blended chemical aqueous absorbent (MEA + PZ), is developed to maximize thermal energy harvesting density and selective CO2 capture capacity. The reaction heat of solvents reaches 124.6 kJ/molCO2, which is 52.0% higher than that of 30 wt% aqueous monoethanolamine solution. Thermal energy harvesting density is estimated as 202.2 kJ/kgsolvent during CO2 capture process. When the functionalized solvent is applied to the industrial post-combustion CO2 capture system of thermal power plants, CO2 emission is reduced to 0.210 tCO2/MWhe with thermal energy production of 751 kWh/tCO2, which can contribute to 51.9% reduction in the operational energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126532
JournalEnergy
Volume267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (Grant number: 2022R1A2B5B03002421 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • Energy harvesting
  • Energy management
  • Functionalized solvent
  • Mesoporous adsorbent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sustainable energy harvesting from post-combustion CO2 capture using amine-functionalized solvents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this