Sustainable sludge management by removing emerging contaminants from urban wastewater using carbon nanotubes

Binoy Sarkar, Sanchita Mandal, Yiu Fai Tsang, Meththika Vithanage, Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Haakrho Yi, Xiaomin Dou, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Citations (Scopus)


The presence of emerging contaminants, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), pesticides, and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), in water bodies is a serious problem in many countries. However, the environmental fate of emerging contaminants and their behavior is largely unknown. Urban wastewater is a predominant source of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) globally. Conventional wastewater treatment processes are not designed to remove these compounds, and they simultaneously produce a huge amount of contaminated sludge. Advanced wastewater treatment technologies, such as membrane filtration, ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO), ozone and catalytic oxidation, and membrane bioreactors (MBRs), could partially remove some CECs, but the high cost is a problem with their application. This chapter discusses the scope of novel materials based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and technologies in removing CECs from urban wastewater that potentially results in a sustainable sludge management practice in the water supply chain.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIndustrial and Municipal Sludge
Subtitle of host publicationEmerging Concerns and Scope for Resource Recovery
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780128159071
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Contaminants of emerging concern
  • Sewage sludge
  • Urban wastewater
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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