Synaptic plasticity and preliminary-spike-enhanced plasticity in a CMOS-compatible Ta2O5 memristor

Hyun–Gyu –G Hwang, Jong–Un –U Woo, Tae–Ho –H Lee, Sung Mean Park, Tae–Gon –G Lee, Woong Hee Lee, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An artificial synapse that can perform both learning and memory functions was realized using an amorphous Ta2O5 memristor. A Pt/Ta2O5/TiN memristor, with an amorphous Ta2O5 film grown at 100 °C, exhibited reliable bipolar switching properties at the various conductance states required for artificial synapse applications; in addition, it exhibited the transmission properties of physiological synapses. Various other synaptic properties were also obtained from the Ta2O5 memristor by modulating the input bias. The metaplasticity of a physiological synapse, which is a preliminary-spike-enhanced synaptic function, was also emulated in the Ta2O5 memristor via the metaplasticity of potentiation/depression and spike-timing-dependent plasticity. The synaptic plasticity and metaplasticity of the Ta2O5 memristor can be understood via the construction and destruction of oxygen vacancy filaments in the memristor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108400
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2017R1A2B4007189). We thank the KU-KIST graduate school program of Korea University. All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article and its supplementary material files.

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning ( 2017R1A2B4007189 ). We thank the KU-KIST graduate school program of Korea University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Authors

Keywords

  • Amorphous TaO films
  • Artificial synapse
  • Memristor
  • Metaplasticity
  • Neuromorphic device
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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