2-Aryl/alkylbenzofurans, which constitute an important subclass of naturally occurring lignans and neolignans, have attracted extensive synthetic efforts due to their useful biological activities and significant pharmacological potential. Herein, we report a general and efficient approach to divergent 2-arylbenzofurans through a one-pot synthesis of versatile 2-bromobenzofurans as key intermediates. Using this approach, the first total synthesis of a series of trisubstituted and tetrasubstituted benzofurans bearing the hydroxyethyl unit, including the natural compounds isolated from Lavandula agustifolia (1-3) and their non-natural derivatives (4-8), was accomplished. We also report a modified synthesis of ailanthoidol, homoegonol, and egonol that enables the divergent synthesis of their derivatives for future exploration. Among these, the representative phenolic natural compound 2 and its derivatives 7 and 5 induced apoptotic cell death related poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage in MCF74, A549, PC3, HepG2, and Hep3B cancer cell lines. Additionally, the tumor suppressor protein p53 was also induced in p53 wild type cancer cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded with a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF 2018R1A5A2023127) and National Cancer Center Research Grants [1810030 to K.K. and J.-W.P.].
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Organic Chemistry