Synthesis of polystyrene beads loaded with dual luminophors for self-referenced oxygen sensing

Sang Hyuk Im, Gamal E. Khalil, James Callis, Byung Hyun Ahn, Martin Gouterman, Younan Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Dispersion polymerization has been successfully applied to synthesize monodisperse polystyrene beads loaded with SiOEP and PtOEP for self-referenced oxygen sensing. The polystyrene beads became larger in size as the concentration of initiator was increased due to the reduction of primary particles precipitated from the polymerization medium. The dual luminophors showed similar absorption spectra but two distinctive emission spectra with peaks at 580 and 650 nm for SiOEP and PtOEP, respectively. While the emission of SiOEP exhibited no response to oxygen, the luminescence intensity of PtOEP was monotonically dependent on the concentration of oxygen. From the Stern-Volmer plot, we observed a linear correlation between the intensity ratio of SiOEP at 580 nm to PtOEP at 650 nm and the concentration of oxygen, which could be used to reliably monitor the partial pressure of oxygen in a system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-497
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sept 15
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) through a MURI grant on Polymeric Smart Skin Materials (F49620-01-1-036) and a fellowship from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Y.X. is an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow and a Camille Dreyfus Teacher Scholar. S.H.I. has also been partially supported by the Postdoctoral Fellowship Program of the Korean Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF).

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Dispersion polymerization
  • Dual luminophors
  • Oxygen sensors
  • Platinum octaethylporphyrin
  • Polystyrene beads
  • Silicon octaethylporphyrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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