Synthesis of porous ceramic with well-developed mullite whiskers in system of Al2O3-Kaolin-MoO3

Cheol Shin, Seung Hwa Oh, Jung Hun Choi, Kwang Taek Hwang, Kyu Sung Han, Soong Ju Oh, Jin Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Porous ceramics have the advantages of low density, low thermal conductivity, and excellent mechanical properties. One of the scalable methods for manufacturing porous ceramics is the replica method, which provides the advantage of high porosity and the critical disadvantage of low mechanical strength. To overcome this shortcoming, mullite (3Al2O3·2SiO2) whiskers, which have excellent thermal stability and high mechanical strength, were introduced in porous ceramic structure. The mullite whiskers were prepared using Al2O3, kaolin, frit, and MoO3 composition. The addition of MoO3 lowered the mullitization temperature, and the mullite whiskers could be grown at 1100–1400 °C. The morphologies and crystal structures of the mullite whiskers with various the annealing temperatures and MoO3 contents were investigated in detail. The mullite whiskers, which contained 20 wt% MoO3 and was annealed at 1300 °C, showed the highest aspect ratio of 137 with the average length of 46.6 μm and average thickness of 0.34 μm. The compressive strength and porosity of the porous ceramic sample with these mullite whiskers were 0.97 MPa and 87.5%, which were also the highest values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1466
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1


  • Aspect ratio
  • MoO
  • Mullite whiskers
  • Porous ceramic
  • Replica method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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