Targeted removal of trichlorophenol in water by oleic acid-coated nanoscale palladium/zero-valent iron alginate beads

Jaewon Chang, Heesoo Woo, Myoung Soo Ko, Jaesang Lee, Seockheon Lee, Seong Taek Yun, Seunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A new material was developed and evaluated for the targeted removal of trichlorophenol (TCP) from among potential interferents which are known to degrade removal activity. To achieve TCP-targeted activity, an alginate bead containing nanoscale palladium/zero-valent iron (Pd/nZVI) was coated with a highly hydrophobic oleic acid layer. The new material (Pd/nZVI-A-O) preferentially sorbed TCP from a mixture of chlorinated phenols into the oleic acid cover layer and subsequently dechlorinated it to phenol. The removal efficacy of TCP by Pd/nZVI-A-O was not affected by co-existing organic substances such as Suwannee River humic acid (SRHA), whereas the material without the oleic acid layer (Pd/nZVI-A) became less effective with increasing SRHA concentration. The inorganic substances nitrate and phosphate significantly reduced the reactivity of Pd/nZVI-A, however, Pd/nZVI-A-O showed similar TCP removal efficacies regardless of the initial inorganic ion concentrations. The influence of bicarbonate on the TCP removal efficacies of both Pd/nZVI-A and Pd/nZVI-A-O was not significant. The findings from this study suggest that Pd/nZVI-A-O, with its targeted, constant reactivity for TCP, would be effective for treating this contaminant in surface water or groundwater containing various competitive substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Eco-Innovation Program, Environmental Research Laboratory (ERL) Project (414-111-011) funded by the Ministry of Environment, Korea; A National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIP) (2014, University-Institute cooperation program); and the Future Research Program (2E25312) funded by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Alginate bead
  • Nanoscale palladium/zero-valent iron
  • Targeted removal
  • Trichlorophenol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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