Techno-economic optimization of novel energy-efficient solvent deasphalting process using CO2 as a stripping agent

Jun Woo Park, Soo Ik Im, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The solvent deasphalting (SDA) process is specifically designed to selectively remove asphaltene from heavy oil feedstocks. However, high energy consumption resulting from the separation processes used to recover the extraction solvent from the mixture of oil products and solvent is a challenge in the SDA process. In this study, a novel SDA process in which the solvent recovery steps were modified by employing carbon dioxide instead of steam as the stripping agent was developed. In addition, the operating and heat integration parameters of the novel CO2-assisted SDA process were optimized using bilevel optimization to minimize the total annualized cost. A genetic algorithm was applied to optimize the process operating variables in the upper-level problem, including the temperature and pressure of solvent recovery units. In the lower-level problem, heat integration parameters—the minimum temperature difference (ΔTmin) and the heat load distribution of hot and cold utilities—were optimized. The optimization results demonstrated that the novel SDA process is more energy-efficient and economical than the conventional SDA process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125728
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) through the Basic Science Research Program ( NRF-2020R1A2C2010815 ) funded by the Korean government's Ministry of Science and ICT .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Genetic algorithm
  • Process intensification
  • Process optimization
  • Solvent deasphalting
  • Techno-economic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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