Technological environment and commercialization of Carbon Mineralization Flagship in Korea: production and utilization of complex carbonates using coal ash

Seok ho Jung, Seong Taek Yun, Ho Young Jo, Meehye Lee, Seong Ho Lee, Eunhoo Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Herein, we review and analyze the core and element technologies for carbon-mineralization flagship, one of South Korea’s major carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) projects. Internationally, the core technology of the carbon-mineralization flagship was approved as a clean development mechanism (CDM) by The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) CDM Executive Board in October 2020. This means that carbon-mineralization-flagship technology using coal ash has been internationally recognized as a technology capable of reducing greenhouse gases. The CCUS includes the concept of carbon capture and storage that segregates, capture, transports, stores carbon and the concept of carbon capture and utilization that converts carbon into an economically valuable material. The carbon-mineralization-flagship technology is analyzed using a logic model, work-breakdown structure (WBS), and technology–product roadmap, which are methodologies used for analyzing and evaluating research and development (R&D) projects and reviewing connectivity between the core and element technologies. In addition, the performance objectives and indicator model of carbon-mineralization-flagship technology are developed considering the National R&D 5th Standard Performance Indicator Guide and the intertechnology linkage. Using the developed carbon-mineralization-process technology acquisition rate and logic models, WBS, and technology–product roadmap, the steps for commercializing the carbon-mineralization-flagship technology could be evaluated. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1637
Number of pages17
JournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The European Green Deal was announced in December 2019 as a road map and new growth strategy for the economy. It had set three major policy objectives: no net emission of GHG by 2050, economic growth decoupled from resource use, and no person and no place left behind. The European climate law for carbon neutrality in 2050 was proposed by the European Commission through the Green Deal (EU Commission ). In June 2021, the European climate law was approved and the carbon neutrality target was enacted. Germany supports the CCUS demonstration project through the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) support programs and the participation of businesses (EU Council ). In July 2020, the Korean government proposed the Korean version of the New Deal as a new national growth engine. The Green New Deal is the main strategy of the Korean version of the Green New Deal, and it aims for a rapid transition to the green economy and carbon neutrality. Additionally, it declares the transition of the economic base to low carbon and being ecofriendly (ROK ).

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Strategic Project—Carbon-Mineralization-Flagship Center of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by MSIT, the Ministry of Environment, and Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) 2017M3D8A2084752 and “Convergence Research Policy Fellowship” from the Ministry of Science and ICT and KIST Convergence Research Policy Center.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Carbon capture, utilization, and storage
  • Carbon mineralization
  • Key performance indicators
  • Net zero
  • Performance indicator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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