The present study identified and examined patterns of goal importance and self-efficacy beliefs in mid- and late adolescence as predictors of work and family outcomes in adulthood. A pattern approach was applied to appropriately identify relationships among work- and family-related goal importance and self-efficacy beliefs. Using a sample of 995 individuals, five distinct patterns of work-family goal importance and self-efficacy beliefs emerged. Individuals who assigned comparable importance to work and family goals and expressed corresponding self-efficacy beliefs in adolescence were more likely to achieve career and family outcomes in adulthood than individuals who expressed a strong preference for one domain over the other. The results supported the idea that work and family can be coordinated for mutual benefit. Furthermore, findings from the pattern approach provided an integrative view of work-family motivation and goal achievement complementing findings from traditional methods such as regression analysis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Jeylan T. Mortimer for her valuable feedback on an earlier draft of the paper. This study was a part of the first author's doctoral dissertation. The Youth Development Study is supported by Grant Number R01HD044138 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The project was previously supported by the National Institute of Mental Health ( MH42843 ). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the sponsors.
- Self-efficacy beliefs
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies