Tensile properties of cold-rolled TWIP-cored three-layer steel sheets

Jaeyeong Park, Minju Kang, Seok Su Sohn, Jung Su Kim, Hyoung Seop Kim, Won Tae Cho, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, TWIP-cored three-layer steel sheets containing thin surface layers of low-carbon (LC) or interstitial-free (IF) steel were fabricated by solid-state hot-roll-bonding followed by cold-rolling. Interfaces were well bonded without any pores or voids, which indicated a successful fabrication of the TWIP-cored sheets. According to the tensile test results, both strength and elongation of TWIP-cored sheets increased proportionally with the volume fraction of TWIP-cored region, and were well matched with strength and elongation calculated by a rule of mixtures. However, yield point (YP) was observed in most of TWIP-cored sheets as well as mono-layer TWIP and LC sheets. After the sheets were quenched from 830 °C, the YP disappeared because the dislocation density was greatly increased by effects of thermal stresses formed during the rapid cooling. A bainitic microstructure, which was generally characterized by the continuous yielding, was formed along TWIP/LC or TWIP/IF interfaces, and also beneficially influenced to the elimination of YP. These TWIP-cored sheets covered a wide range of yield and tensile strength and ductility levels requiring in automotive steel sheets by controlling the volume fraction of TWIP-cored region, and thus present new applications to multi-functional automotive steel sheets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 16
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Interstitial-free (IF) steel
  • Low-carbon (LC) steel
  • TWIP-cored three-layer steel sheet
  • Tensile test
  • Twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) steel
  • Yield point phenomenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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