The adaptation method in the Monte Carlo simulation for computed tomography

Hyounggun Lee, Changyeon Yoon, Seungryong Cho, Sung Ho Park, Wonho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The patient dose incurred from diagnostic procedures during advanced radiotherapy has become an important issue. Many researchers in medical physics are using computational simulations to calculate complex parameters in experiments. However, extended computation times make it difficult for personal computers to run the conventional Monte Carlo method to simulate radiological images with high-flux photons such as images produced by computed tomography (CT). To minimize the computation time without degrading imaging quality, we applied a deterministic adaptation to the Monte Carlo calculation and verified its effectiveness by simulating CT image reconstruction for an image evaluation phantom (Catphan; Phantom Laboratory, New York NY, USA) and a human-like voxel phantom (KTMAN-2) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA). For the deterministic adaptation, the relationship between iteration numbers and the simulations was estimated and the option to simulate scattered radiation was evaluated. The processing times of simulations using the adaptive method were at least 500 times faster than those using a conventional statistical process. In addition, compared with the conventional statistical method, the adaptive method provided images that were more similar to the experimental images, which proved that the adaptive method was highly effective for a simulation that requires a large number of iterationsdassuming no radiation scattering in the vicinity of detectors minimized artifacts in the reconstructed image.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-478
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Engineering and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Published by Elsevier Korea LLC on behalf of Korean Nuclear Society.


  • Adaptive method
  • Deterministic method
  • Monte Carlo simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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