The Belle II detector will provide a major step forward in precision heavy flavor physics, quarkonium and exotic states, searches for dark sectors, and many other areas. The sensitivity to a large number of key observables can be improved by about an order of magnitude compared to the current measurements, and up to two orders in very clean search measurements. This increase in statistical precision arises not only due to the increased luminosity, but also from improved detector efficiency and precision for many channels. Many of the most interesting observables tend to have very small theoretical uncertainties that will therefore not limit the physics reach. This book has presented many new ideas for measurements, both to elucidate the nature of current anomalies seen in flavor, and to search for new phenomena in a plethora of observables that will become accessible with the Belle II dataset. The simulation used for the studiesinthis book was state ofthe artat the time, though weare learning a lot more about the experiment during the commissioning period. The detector is in operation, and working spectacularly well.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the following funding sources: Australian Research Council and research grant nos. DP180102629, DP170102389, DP170102204, DP150103061, FT130100303, FT130100018; Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austrian Science Fund no. P 31361-N36, and New Frontiers Program; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and Compute Canada; Chinese Academy of Sciences and research grant nos. QYZDB-SSW-SYS013 and QYZDJ-SSW-SLH011, and National Natural Science Foundation of China and research grant nos. CRC 110 "Symmetries," PHY-1414345, PHY-1520966, PHY-1714253, PHY-1720252, 11521505, 11575017, 11675166, 11621131001 "The Emergence of Structure in QCD," 11761141009, 11475187, 11621131001, 11705209, and 11747601; the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under contract no. LTT17020, and Charles University grants SVV 260448 and GAUK 404316; European Research Council, 7th Framework PIEF-GA-2013-622527, Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 700525 "NIOBE," Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie RISE project JENNIFER grant agreement no. 644294, Horizon 2020 ERC-Advanced Grant no. 267104, and NewAve no. 638528 (European grants); L'Institut national de physique nucléaire et de physique des particules (IN2P3) du CNRS (France); BMBF, DFG, HGF, MPG, and AvH Foundation (Germany); Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology (India); Israel Science Foundation grant no. 2476/17 and United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation grant no. 2016113; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the research grants BELLE2 and Iniziativa Specifica QFT-HEP; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research nos 16H03968, 16H03993, 16K05323, 17H01133, 17H05405, 18H03710, 18K03621, 16H06492, 26400255, and 26220706, and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan; National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea Grant nos. 2015H1A2A1033649, 2016R1D1A1B01010135, 2016K1A3A7A09005603, 2016R1D1A1B02012900, 2018R1A2B3003643, 2018R1A6A1A06024970, and 2018R1D1A1B07047294, Radiation Science Research Institute, Foreign Large-size Research Facility Application Supporting project, the Global Science Experimental Data Hub Center of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, and KREONET/GLORIAD; Frontiers of Science Program contracts FOINS-296, CB-221329, CB-236394, CB-254409, CB-180023 and the Thematic Networks program (Mexico); Foundation for Fundamental Research of Matter no. 156, "Higgs as Probe and Portal" and National Organization for Scientific Research (Netherlands); National Science Center, Poland and research grant nos. 2015/19/B/ST2/02848, 2017/25/B/ST2/00191, 2017/27/B/ST2/01391, and UMO-2015/18/M/ST2/00518, HARMONIA; Russian Ministry of Education and Science Funding no. 14.W03.31.0026; Slovenian Research Agency (research grant no. J1-8137 and research core funding nos. P1-0135, P1-0035); Agencia Estatal de Investigacion, Spain grant nos. FPA2014-55613-P and FPA2017-84445-P; CERN; Swiss National Science Foundation and research grant no. P300P2-167751; Ministry of Science and Technology and research grant no. MOST104-2628-M-002-014-MY4 and the Ministry of Education (Taiwan); Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics; TUBITAK ULAKBIM (Turkey); STFC no. ST/P000290/1 (United Kingdom); Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine; the US National Science Foundation and research grant nos. PHY-1614545, PHY-1714253, PHY-1414345, PHY-1720252, and PHY-1520966, and the US Department of Energy and research grant nos. DE-SC0010118, DE-SC0012704, DE-SC0009973, DE-SC0012391, DE-SC0010504, DE-AC06-76RLO1830, DE-AC02-05CH11231, DE-AC05-06OR23177, DE-FG02-00ER41132, DE-SC0007983, DE-SC0011637, DE-SC0011726, and DE-SC0011784; International Centre of Physics (under the auspices of UNESCO), IOP, Hanoi, Viet Nam, and the National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) of Vietnam under contract no. 103.01-2017.76. We thank the members of the advisory committee for useful input at the early stages of the document. We thank the KEK theory group and the EU-Rise Japan and Europe Network for Neutrino and Intensity Frontier Experimental Research for offering constant support for the many theorists involved.
© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Physical Society of Japan.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
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