The Berlin brain-computer interface: Non-medical uses of BCI technology

Benjamin Blankertz, Michael Tangermann, Carmen Vidaurre, Siamac Fazli, Claudia Sannelli, Stefan Haufe, Cecilia Maeder, Lenny Ramsey, Irene Sturm, Gabriel Curio, Klaus Robert Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

274 Citations (Scopus)


Brain-computer interfacing (BCI) is a steadily growing area of research. While initially BCI research was focused on applications for paralyzed patients, increasingly more alternative applications in healthy human subjects are proposed and investigated. In particular, monitoring of mental states and decoding of covert user states have seen a strong rise of interest. Here, we present some examples of such novel applications which provide evidence for the promising potential of BCI technology for non-medical uses. Furthermore, we discuss distinct methodological improvements required to bring non-medical applications of BCI technology to a diversity of layperson target groups, e.g., ease of use, minimal training, general usability, short control latencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 198
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Issue numberDEC
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • BCI deficiency
  • Brain-computer interface
  • Decoding of mental states
  • Event-related desynchronization
  • Mental state monitoring
  • Sensory motor rhythms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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