This study aims to introduce the potential applicability of traditional ecological knowledge and community forestry in Northeast Asia, including China, Japan, and South Korea. In ancient Northeast Asia, forest policies and practices were based on Fengshui (an old Chinese concept regarding the flow of vital forces), with which forests were managed under community forestry. However, these traditional systems diminished in the twentieth century owing to the decline of traditional livelihood systems and extreme deforestation. Recently, legacies from traditional ecological knowledge and community forestry have been revisited and incorporated into forest policies, laws, and management practices because of growing needs for sustainable forest use in China, Japan, and Korea. This reevaluation of traditional ecological knowledge and community forestry has provided empirical data to help improve forestry systems. Although traditional ecological knowledge and community forestry in Northeast Asia have been scarcely theorized, they play a significant role in modifying forest management practices in the face of socioeconomic changes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: The present study was supported by the Korea Forest Service (S211216L030120), the Ministry of Environment of Korea (2014001310008), and a Korea University Grant in 2017. We thank Hiroyuki Muraoka of the Gifu University in Japan for his helpful comments during the manuscript preparation.
© 2017 by the authors.
- Community forestry
- Forest history
- Forest management practice
- Traditional knowledge
ASJC Scopus subject areas