The effect of powder A2/powder A3 mixing ratio on color and translucency parameters of dental porcelain

Wan Sun Lee, So Yeon Kim, Ji Hwan Kim, Woong Chul Kim, Hae Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study is to mix dental ceramic powder in varying ratios and evaluate the effect of the mixing ratio on color and translucency. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The ceramic powder of shade A3 of the same product was mixed with the shade A2 of three products: IPS e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), Vintage Halo (SHOFU Inc., Kyoto, Japan), and Ceramco 3 (Ceramco-Dentsply, Burlington, NJ, USA) in the following fixed ratios (0 wt%, 25 wt%, 50 wt%, 75 wt%, and 100 wt%) and then fired. A total of 150 specimen of ceramic fired were manufactured in a regular size (W: 8.5 mm, L: 10.5 mm, and H: 1.5 mm). For color and translucency, L*, a*, and b* were measured and Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis (a=0.05). RESULTS. The higher the mixing ratio was, L*, a*, and b* of IPS e.max Ceram were all increased, and L* of Vintage Halo was reduced and a* and b* were increased. L* and a* of Ceramco3 were reduced and b* of Ceramco3 was increased. Color difference (ΔE*ab) was increased in all three products as the mixing ratio got higher. Increased mixing ratios resulted in decreased translucency parameter (TP) values for IPS e.max Ceram but increased TP values for Vintage Halo and Ceramco3. CONCLUSION. In this limited study, CIE L*, a*, and b* were influenced by the mixing ratio of the A3 powders and porcelain powder mixtures represented a various color and translucency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-405
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Korean Academy of Prosthodontics.


  • Color
  • Dental porcelain
  • Translucency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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