The effect of residual stress on the distortion of gray iron brake disks

M. W. Shin, G. H. Jang, J. K. Kim, H. Y. Kim, Ho Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Thermal distortion of gray iron brake disks due to residual stress and its effect on brake vibrations were studied. The residual stress of heat- and non-heat-treated gray iron disks was measured using neutron scattering. Dynamometer tests were performed to measure the friction force oscillation caused by the disk runout during brake applications. High-temperature tensile tests were carried out to find out possible plastic deformation due to residual stress during brake applications. The results showed that the average residual stress of the heat-treated disk (47.6 MPa) was lower than that of the non-heat-treated disk (99.6 MPa). Dynamometer tests at high temperatures (up to 600 C) indicated that the residual stress pronounced the runout: the increase in disk runout after the tests for the non-heat-treated sample was more than twice that for the heat-treated sample. This difference correlated well with the neutron scattering results and the dimensional changes after a separate vacuum heat treatment. The high-temperature tensile tests showed severe reductions in yield strength at 600 C, suggesting that disks produced with no stress relaxation could be deformed during severe braking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1135
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr


  • automotive
  • cast irons
  • heat treating
  • tribology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of residual stress on the distortion of gray iron brake disks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this