The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell

Hary Devianto, Zhenlan Li, Sung Pil Yoon, Jonghee Han, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim, Ho In Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Bio-ethanol can be used directly as a fuel in molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). Unfortunately, the high water content of bio-ethanol has several negative effects; decrease in performance, electrolyte loss due to evaporation, and corrosion of anode cell frame. This research was conducted to overcome the negative effects without degrading MCFC's performance and stability. A decrease in performance due to low H2 contents was unavoidable. An electrolyte loss was minimized when the recycling method was used. The optimum recycling ratio was achieved when the flow rate ratio of output to recycle was in the range of 0.7-1. A corrosion of the cell frame was successfully blocked by Ni-electroplated cell frame. This system was successfully tested for over 2000 h without any decrease in performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-8
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by Center for Fuel Cell Research of Korea Institute of Science and Technology, and by the ERC program of MOST/KOSEF (Grant No. R11-2002-102-00000-0).


  • Corrosion
  • Ethanol
  • MCFC
  • Recycling
  • Water effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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