The effects of acetate and glucose on carbon fixation and carbon utilization in mixotrophy of Haematococcus pluvialis

Jaemin Joun, Ranjna Sirohi, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The culture method using sodium acetate and glucose, widely used as organic carbon sources in the mixotrophy of Haematococcus pluvialis, was compared with its autotrophy. In the 12-day culture, mixotrophy using sodium acetate and glucose increased by 40.4% and 77.1%, respectively, compared to autotrophy, but the mechanisms for the increasing biomass were different. The analysis of the mechanism was divided into autotrophic and heterotrophic metabolism. The mixotrophy with glucose increased the biomass by directly supplying the substrate and ATP to the TCA cycle while inhibiting photosynthesis. Gene expressions related to glycolysis and carbon fixation pathway were confirmed in autotrophy and mixotrophy with glucose and acetate. The metabolism predicted in the mixotrophy with acetate and glucose was proposed via autotrophic and heterotrophic metabolism analysis. The mechanism of Haematococcus pluvialis under mixotrophic conditions with high CO2 concentration was confirmed through this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128218
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by “Carbon to X Project” (#2020M3H7A1098295), and the Commercializations Promotion Agency for R&D Outcomes (COMPA) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2021B100).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Glucose
  • Haematococcus pluvialis
  • Mixotrophic metabolism
  • Mixotrophy
  • Sodium acetate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of acetate and glucose on carbon fixation and carbon utilization in mixotrophy of Haematococcus pluvialis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this